Curriculum Vitae vs. Resume: What's The Difference?


A resume is a document that contains a summary or listing of educational background and job experience. A resume is about 1-2 pages long, usually written in A4 or Letter-sized paper. There are three types of resumes:

Chronological résumé

A chronological résumé enumerates a candidate’s job experiences from the newest to the oldest.

Functional résumé A functional résumé lists work experience and skills which are sorted by job function or skill area.

Combination résumé A combination résumé, as the name suggests combines functional and chronological approaches.

Curriculum Vitae

A Curriculum Vitae also contains a summary of your educational and academic backgrounds, but it also includes teaching, research experience, publications, presentations, awards, honors, affiliations and other important details. CVs are longer, about two pages or more.

In Canada and the U.S., a CV should contain the following: a comprehensive listing of professional history including every term of employment, academic credentials, publication, contribution or significant achievements. And depending on the profession, it may contain samples of the applicant’s work which could run for several pages. CVs are mostly used when applying for a job related to academic, educational, scientific or research positions. It is also applicable when applying for fellowships or grants.

In Europe, a CV is called a Europass, developed in 2004 by the European Parliament and European Commission. This is promoted by the EU to ease skilled migration between member countries.

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